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    What is Polycystic Ovary Syndrome - Symptoms

    Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a condition that affects a woman’s cycle, hormones, fertility, as well as appearance.PCOS is a common cause of infertility. Patients with PCOS have many little cysts in their ovaries, caused by the disruption of the normal cycle (growth and maturation of a follicle, ovulation). The ovary is enlarged and produces higher levels of hormones (androgens and estrogens) which, combined with the fact that ovulation is disrupted, cause infertility. This hormonal imbalance causes women with polycystic ovaries to be statistically more prone to polyps, fibroids and endometriosis.
    Twenty (20) women out of 100 (20%) have polycystic ovaries. In Greece, this rate might be even higher. It is very important to stress that women with polycystic ovaries do not necessarily have PCOS. Only 6-7% of women with polycystic ovaries have PCOS. Women with PCOS have more severe symptoms and other health problems.

    Symptoms vary among women. The main symptoms are:
    • Irregular period or no period at all
    • Difficulty achieving pregnancy (infertility) because the woman does not produce oocytes or because she is not aware of her ovulation days (the prognosis for these women is very good and a pregnancy is almost certain following the right treatment)
    • Recurrent miscarriage
    • Excessive facial or body hair
    • Increased body weight or weight gain, difficulty to lose weight
    • Oily skin, acne
    • In severe cases: male type body fat distribution (abdomen, thin legs)
    • Mood changes
    The severity of symptoms varies from one woman to another. Most women with PCO have mild or even no symptoms at all. Severe hormonal imbalances and related health problems are only diagnosed in severe cases of PCOS.


    The cause of PCOS is not clear yet. Sometimes it seems to be hereditary: if one your relatives (mother, aunt, sister) had it, you are more likely to have it, too. If not treated,women with PCO are more prone to hypertension, heart disease, type II diabetes or other hormone-related conditions such asfibroids, endometrium hyperplasia or endometriosis. Women with PCO usually have hypertension, diabetes, infertility, miscarriages or obesity in their family medical history. ​

    Gennima | Gynaecology & Reproduction Center

    346 Kifisias Avenue, 15233 Chalandri - Athens, Hellas
    +30 210 68 16 100
    +30 210 68 30 321 (fax)